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Tytuł: Początek i progres wojny moskiewskiej, czyli o Stanisława Żółkiewskiego „ochocie do usłużenia królowi jegomości i Rzeczypospolitej”
Inne tytuły: The beginning and the progress of the Muscovite War, i.e. about Stanisław Żółkiewski’s “willingness to serve His Majesty and the Commonwealth”
Autorzy: Urwanowicz, Jerzy
Słowa kluczowe: Stanisław Żółkiewski
stosunki polsko-moskiewskie
Data wydania: 2011
Data dodania: 18-mar-2014
Wydawca: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku
Źródło: Białostockie Teki Historyczne, T. 9, 2011, s. 55-65
Abstrakt: An inconspicuous in size, yet saturated with content and skillfully written work by Hetman Stanisław Żółkiewski (1547–1620), describing Polish-Muscovite relations in the Polish-Muscovite War period, has already had several editions. This fact reflects popularity and importance of the book. The author aimed at the subjective yet basically honest presentation of his own role in politics of those times, shown against the background of the 1604–1611 events. The text was started in less than a year from the actual events. It is incorrectly described as a diary; actually it is closer to the convention of the literature of fact. Since the times of Wacław Sobieski historians have pigeon-holed Żółkiewski as a supporter of the Commonwealth and Muscovy union. The exegesis of the work results in no premises proving such a thesis. The hetman belonged to the opponents of this war. He believed that the interference with the Muscovite issues could only take place on the Seym’s or – in exceptional cases – on the Senate’s approval. Once the war began, he reluctantly participated in it, motivated by the military leader’s feeling of duty and the regalism, which he believed was a proper political attitude. After the victory in the battle of Kłuszyn, in the treaties signed with Muscovite boyars he diverged from the agreement decided upon half a year earlier on the king’s approval. This resulted in Sigismund III and his circles’ criticism. Then, in a defensive gesture, pointing to the analogy of the state union of Poland and Lithuania, he hinted in a couple of sentences at the possibility of union with Muscovy. Taking into account the circumstances, the hetman used this argument not according to the plan but instrumentally.
DOI: 10.15290/bth.2011.09.03
ISSN: 1425-1930
Typ Dokumentu: Article
Występuje w kolekcji(ach):Artykuły naukowe (WHiSM)
Białostockie Teki Historyczne, 2011, tom 9

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