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Tytuł: Idee antropologiczne i pedagogiczne w twórczości Sokratesa i Arystotelesa
Inne tytuły: Antnropological and pedagogical ideas in work of Sokrates and Arestotle
Autorzy: Harbatski, Andrei
Słowa kluczowe: anthropology
Data wydania: 2018
Data dodania: 17-lip-2019
Wydawca: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku
Źródło: Idea. Studia nad strukturą i rozwojem pojęć filozoficznych, vol. 30/1, 2018, s. 148-160
Abstrakt: In the article an idea is conducted that practice of education goes away the roots to the deep layers of human civilization. The author of the article concentrated the attention on the analysis of work of Socrates and Aristotle. It is shown that Socrates first began consciously to use the bottom- up reasoning and give general determinations, work on concepts. On the initial stage of educating Socrates induced students the system of questions to find truth, that in modern pedagogical anthropology is one of main tasks in education. By means of the skilfully put questions Socrates tricked into a student to confession of those positions that are true. The author of the article pays attention to that Socrates used the new for that time methods of educating constantly, for example, conversation, unlike sophists that preferred to the lecture. The feature of conversations of Socrates consisted in that the simplest vital cases came into question at first, but after themes became complicated. Comparisons, metaphors, turns, satire, were thus used, that facilitated perception of sense of conversation to the students. In the article the analysis of anthropological and pedagogical ideas is given in labours of Aristotle. It is shown that Aristotle studying a man, his " nature" and " essence", did not stop thereon, and set by the question of improvement of human family by means of education. Aristotle considered that education must be under control the state, and nobody can doubt in that a legislator must belong with exceptional attention to education of young people, as in the states, where small attention is spared the questions of education, the political system suffers from it.
Afiliacja: Wydział Pedagogiki i Psychologii, Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
ISSN: 0860-4487
Typ Dokumentu: Article
Występuje w kolekcji(ach):Artykuły naukowe (WNoE)
Idea. Studia nad strukturą i rozwojem pojęć filozoficznych, 2018, XXX/1

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