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Tytuł: Konflikt pomiędzy liberalnymi, a narodowymi demokratami o przywództwo polityczne w środowisku wychodźstwa polskiego w Rosji w dobie rewolucji lutowej
Inne tytuły: A conflict between liberal and national democrats for political leadership in the environment of Polish refugees in Russia at the time of the February Revolution
Конфликт между либерал- и национал-демократами за политическое предводительство в среде полской эмиграции в России времен февральской революции
Autorzy: Miodowski, Adam
Słowa kluczowe: Polish refugees in Russia (February Revolution)
historia - Polska
narodowa demokracja
Polacy za granicą
polityka - Rosja
Data wydania: 2006
Data dodania: 2-cze-2015
Wydawca: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku
Źródło: Studia Podlaskie T. 16, 2006, s. 41-61
Abstrakt: The relations between liberal-democratic and national-democratic environments in exile in Russia were very bad already in the time before the February Revolution. Conflict between these political forces escalated at the end of 1916, mostly due to discrepancies in the evaluation of the Act of 5th November and actions taken by political elites under its influence in the Country. Liberal-democratic groups became engaged in cooperation with liberal and left-wing Russian opposition, recognizing Temporary State Council in Warsaw as a ruling organ of the reviving Polish state at the same time. On the other hand, National Democratic Party together with their advocates gathered around it under the name Polish National Committee, maintained good relations with Russian ruling spheres, severely negating the idea of recognizing Temporary State Council as representation of the Polish society in the Country at the same time. In post-revolution Russia the position of National Democratic Party worsened considerably, which was mainly the result of Polish liberal-democratic environments uniting into one uniform organizational structure which Democratic Committee became. Due to connections of its leaders with post-revolution Russian elites this fact additionally weakened National Democratic Party's position in Russia. Wishing to take advantage of political opponent's weakness, after February revolution liberal democrats took up action aiming to push National Democratic Party aside into a political margin. The first main motive of their attacks on 'endecja' (National Democrats) was the fact this environment was involved in close cooperation with the tsarist regime. However, with time, when differences in opinions between the two camps on the issue of forming Polish army in Russia became apparent, this matter started to be the main field of fight between liberal-democratic groups and National Democratic Party for the government of souls among Polish refugees circles in Russia. The conflict between liberal democrats and national democrats naturally involved Alexander Lednicki as well, despite the fact that in result of being appointed a President of Liquidation Commission for the Matters of the Kingdom of Poland, he decided, at least officially, to depart from Polish Democratic Club in Moscow and generally from the entire environment gathered under the name of Democratic Committee. The fact that A. Lednicki was involved in this conflict was not only the effect of his connections with liberal-democratic environment, but it also resulted from his political ambition to play a role of a leader of the Polish community in Russia. In other words, aspirations of President of Liquidation Commission required political fight that had broken out between liberal and national democrats to alleviate rather than inflame. In this background there appeared a chance to consolidate Polish political groups in Russia and avoid shocking fight that basically had started with the matter of organizing Polish army in this country.
Afiliacja: Adam Miodowski, Uniwersytet w Białymstoku, Instytut Historii
DOI: 10.15290/sp.2006.16.02
ISSN: 0867-1370
Typ Dokumentu: Article
Występuje w kolekcji(ach):Artykuły naukowe (WHiSM)
Studia Podlaskie, 2006, tom XVI

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