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Tytuł: The city vs. the country: A climate of anti-urbanism in Elizabeth Gaskell’s Mary Barton
Autorzy: Kiersnowska, Beata
Słowa kluczowe: country
Data wydania: 2020
Data dodania: 14-lip-2020
Wydawca: The University of Bialystok
Źródło: Crossroads. A Journal of English Studies 29 (2/2020), pp. 53-66
Abstrakt: This paper aims to discuss a contrast between the city and the country in Mary Barton, Elizabeth Gaskell’s first novel. By juxtaposing negative images of early-Victorian Manchester with positive descriptions of rural life and scenery, Gaskell reveals an anti-urban attitude prevalent among a large section of the cultivated middle and upper class. In Mary Barton, nature is an agent of creating an atmosphere of nostalgia for the simple and pure rural world that is disappearing, giving way to a hostile and brutal reality of industrial cities. Strong bonds and human inter-reliance marking rural communities are replaced by aggregation and alienation of human beings in the city. Living in a human-made environment dominated by machine technology of industrial processes, some characters in the novel try to reconnect with the natural world by cultivating rural traditions or seeking in the country an escape from the dreariness of urban existence. Numerous references to nature and its importance for the novel’s characters are a testimony to its ideological significance to Victorian society and an apprehension of unbridled urbanisation.
Afiliacja: University of Rzeszów
Nota biograficzna: Beata Kiersnowska is an associate professor in the Institute of English Studies at the University of Rzeszów (Poland). She has a PhD in English Culture from Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland and a post-graduate diploma in British History and Culture from Warsaw University and Ruskin College, Oxford. Her research interests include leisure studies in the Victorian period and issues related to identity, ecoidentity and community.
DOI: 10.15290/cr.2020.29.2.04
e-ISSN: 2300-6250
metadata.dc.identifier.orcid: 0000-0001-9810-8148
Typ Dokumentu: Article
Występuje w kolekcji(ach):Crossroads. A Journal of English Studies, 2020, Issue 29

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