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Tytuł: On the Intersection of Fields F with F[X]
Autorzy: Schwarzweller, Christoph
Słowa kluczowe: roots of polynomials
field extensions
Kronecker’s construction
Data wydania: 2019
Data dodania: 16-kwi-2020
Wydawca: DeGruyter Open
Źródło: Formalized Mathematics, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 223–228
Abstrakt: This is the third part of a four-article series containing a Mizar [3], [1], [2] formalization of Kronecker’s construction about roots of polynomials in field extensions, i.e. that for every field F and every polynomial p ∈ F [X]\F there exists a field extension E of F such that p has a root over E. The formalization follows Kronecker’s classical proof using F [X]/<p> as the desired field extension E [6], [4], [5]. In the first part we show that an irreducible polynomial p ∈ F [X]\F has a root over F [X]/<p>. Note, however, that this statement cannot be true in a rigid formal sense: We do not have F ⊆ F [X]/ < p > as sets, so F is not a subfield of F [X]/<p>, and hence formally p is not even a polynomial over F [X]/ < p >. Consequently, we translate p along the canonical monomorphism ϕ: F → F [X]/<p> and show that the translated polynomial ϕ (p) has a root over F [X]/<p>. Because F is not a subfield of F [X]/<p> we construct in the second part the field (E \ ϕF)∪F for a given monomorphism ϕ: F → E and show that this field both is isomorphic to F and includes F as a subfield. In the literature this part of the proof usually consists of saying that “one can identify F with its image ϕF in F [X]/<p> and therefore consider F as a subfield of F [X]/<p>”. Interestingly, to do so we need to assume that F ∩ E = ∅, in particular Kronecker’s construction can be formalized for fields F with F ∩ F [X] = ∅. Surprisingly, as we show in this third part, this condition is not automatically true for arbitrary fields F : With the exception of ℤ2 we construct for every field F an isomorphic copy F′ of F with F′ ∩ F′ [X] ≠ ∅. We also prove that for Mizar’s representations of ℤn, ℚ and ℝ we have ℤn ∩ ℤn[X] = ∅, ℚ ∩ ℚ[X] = ∅ and ℝ ∩ ℝ[X] = ∅, respectively. In the fourth part we finally define field extensions: E is a field extension of F iff F is a subfield of E. Note, that in this case we have F ⊆ E as sets, and thus a polynomial p over F is also a polynomial over E. We then apply the construction of the second part to F [X]/<p> with the canonical monomorphism ϕ: F → F [X]/<p>. Together with the first part this gives – for fields F with F ∩ F [X] = ∅ – a field extension E of F in which p ∈ F [X]\F has a root.
Afiliacja: Institute of Informatics, University of Gdansk, Poland
DOI: 10.2478/forma-2019-0021
ISSN: 1426-2630
e-ISSN: 1898-9934
metadata.dc.identifier.orcid: 0000-0001-9587-8737
Typ Dokumentu: Article
Występuje w kolekcji(ach):Formalized Mathematics, 2019, Volume 27, Issue 3

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