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Tytuł: The Direct Election of the Prime Minister in Israel’s Constitutional System (1992-2001)
Autorzy: Bożyk, Stanisław
Słowa kluczowe: Israel
constitutional system
Prime Minister
direct election
political parties
system konstytucyjny
wybory bezpośrednie
partie polityczne
Data wydania: 2016
Data dodania: 5-paź-2018
Wydawca: Temida 2
Źródło: Białostockie Studia Prawnicze, Vol. 20/A en, 2016, s. 53-68
Abstrakt: In Israel, in the period from 1992 to 2001, for the first and only time in the history of modern democracies, the law was changed to enable direct elections for the Prime Minister. This was an attempt to circumvent weaknesses in the political system which were mostly attributed to the strict rule of proportional representation in electing the Knesset: a high degree of fragmentation and ideological polarisation of parliament, excessive power of small sectarian parties, lengthy processes of forming coalition governments, and the dysfunction of government and political institutions in general. Direct elections for the Prime Minister were supposed to increase stability, efficiency and legitimacy of the Prime Minister, government and political system. The reform was unsuccessful because the expectations of its creators – that the voters would adapt to the new institutional rules – failed to materialise. Instead of expressing undivided political loyalty to the Prime Ministerial candidate and his party, most voters divided their votes in the simultaneous elections for Prime Minister and parliament: the huge majority gave one vote to the candidate for Prime Minister of one of the two biggest parties, Labour Party or Likud, while the second vote was used massively to support small parties. The reform further deepened the crisis of the political system and produced numerous theoretical dilemmas about its nature.
Afiliacja: University of Białystok
Opis: Creation of the English-language versions of the articles published in the „Białostockie Studia Prawnicze” [Białystok Legal Studies] funded under the contract no. 548/P-DUN/2016 and 548/1/P-DUN/2016 from resources of the Minister of Science and Higher Education dedicated to the popularisation of science.
DOI: 10.15290/bsp.2016.20A.en.04
ISSN: 1689-7404
Typ Dokumentu: Article
Występuje w kolekcji(ach):Artykuły naukowe (WP)
Białostockie Studia Prawnicze, 2016, Vol. 20/A en

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